Environment: A visit to the Himalayas!


Above the clouds!

Introduction:

Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is predominately a mountainous region. Almost 90% of the state lives in rural areas with agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism as important components of the state's economy. This past weekend, I visited this region, specifically Kasali and Chail.


What makes this environment special or different?

Hill-stations in India are high altitude towns used as a place of refuge and travel. These areas are special because they are usually located in beautiful natural and isolated areas. 


View of town in middle of the Hills

What parts of this environment help people live here?

Most of the hill stations are situated at heights ranging from 600 meters above the sea level to 3500 meters above the sea level. This past weekend I visited Himachal Pradesh, which is located in the Central Himalayan region of India. The communities in these areas seem to be nature-dependent, meaning they love nature and view nature as a way of life. 



On a hike, encountered a shepherd herding goats

What challenges do people face living in this environment?

In terms of occupation, people living in these Himalayan areas can mostly be classified as nomads and subsistence farmers, depending on their specific location and agro-climactic conditions.


The majority of the Himalayan population sustains itself through agriculture and animal husbandry. 



Beautiful farms in Himachal

How have people been adapting to this environment?

The residents in the Himachal areas have managed to cultivate the lands for their own productive use. The weather is relatively cool here, so techniques have been developed that allow the growth of crops and produce in variable climatic conditions. 


Even found some solar panels deep in the Mountains!



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